Modern technologies in education: what’s in trend?
In conditions of dynamic world, development of technologies and innovations, education, like many other spheres of human life, must constantly change in order not to lose its effectiveness. Thus, a recent UN study found that more than 250 million students attend classes formally, not assimilating information. Despite a different approach to teaching and different curricula, schools around the world are equally in a crisis of education.
The main cause of the crisis is an outdated approach to teaching. The world has already stepped into the Fourth Industrial Revolution a long time ago: banks introduce algorithms, factories open fully autonomous workshops, and the economy of joint consumption completely changes the usual labor market. But the schools still reign the standards of the XIX century. There is a growing need for educational institutions of the future, in which STEM sciences and human knowledge are combined, and teachers work side by side with robots and algorithms. That is why, in order to stay the course in the conditions of new technologies and globalizing markets, one should pay attention to modern trends in education.
The Pro-Papers writing service experts have gathered for you the most essential trends in modern technology in education. Let’s discover them.
Trend № 1. Adaptive learning
Adaptive learning is a learning model that introduces the technology as “interactive learning devices” and uses new technologies to adapt them to the needs of students. The goal of this method is to create an optimized learning model that turns students from ordinary listeners into active and cooperative participants in the learning process.
Trend №2 Permanent learning
It becomes obvious that lifelong learning is a trend. One of the skills of the “man of the future,” except for the skill of constantly learning, as paradoxical as it sounds, is the reverse skill of unlearning. It is necessary to unlearn in order to perceive something new in a rapidly changing environment, as previously obtained stereotypes and behaviors hinder development.
It is also believed that the development of children is impeded by parents who cannot assume the possession of what skills and competencies can be claimed after 5 years.
In Singapore (a recognized leader in the field of education), continuous education of the citizens over 40 years old has been elevated to the status of a state task. And the whole world will soon come to this. Therefore, in a rapidly changing world, a person will have to continue learning throughout his/her life, often mastering new skills on his/her own.
Trend № 3 Virtual and Augmented Reality (VR & AR)
Virtual and augmented reality (VR and AR) are modern and rapidly developing technologies. Their goal is to expand the physical space of human life with objects created with the help of digital devices and programs, and having the character of an image.
Currently virtual and augmented reality glasses, controllers, headphones, smartphones, and tablets are used as devices. These devices allow a person to see and hear digital objects. In the near future, feedback gloves are expected, allowing a person to touch digital objects.
Trend №4 Individual development trajectories
The time of one profession, obtained at the beginning of a career path, irrevocably leaves. Specialist develops new professional skills throughout life. These skills, due to certain conditions and possibilities, are all individual. In order to be in demand, it is necessary to build individual trajectories of competence development. Modern technologies allow to do this.
Trend №5 Behavioral analytics and motivation within the framework of digitization of education
The focus is on how the student is effective after training. The interest is in the motivation and analysis of the activity of the listener in the framework of the digitalization of learning, and how to assemble the personal trajectory of the listener, consisting of various tools, through data.
Trend №6 Narrow specialization
This is another undisputed trend of the future education. Employers will recruit quite specific people to their teams who are able to perform a predetermined role function. Therefore, specialists need to have specialized skills that are necessary in a particular context. In project management, all project specialists are focused on performing specific functions and roles.
Trend №7 Gamification
Gamification is the use of game elements and mechanics to achieve non-game goals. The gaming technique is especially popular in distance education.
Trend №8 STEAM-education
It is based on the application of an interdisciplinary and applied approach, as well as on the integration of the natural sciences, technology, engineering, creativity, mathematics into a single training scheme.
In the distant future, we will have professions that will be associated with technology and high-tech manufacturing at the junction with the natural sciences, in particular, there will be a great demand for specialists in bio- and nanotechnologies. Professionals will need comprehensive training and knowledge from a wide variety of areas.
Trend №9 MOOC, mobile and blended learning
Compete with the MOOC is absolutely useless. Online courses enable students to choose what they like and gain knowledge in a short period of time, anywhere, for less money. That is why universities should include in the educational process the possibility of integrating the MOOC with the curriculum.
Mobile learning is closely related to electronic and distance learning, the difference is the use of mobile devices. Learning takes place regardless of location and occurs when using portable technology. In other words, mobile learning reduces the limitations on getting an education by location using portable devices.
In the world of digital and technological capabilities, it is not enough to be able to use technology, it is important to understand how using technology you can improve your life, increase your professional capabilities and help to do your job efficiently. Therefore, in the conditions of globalization of new technologies, following the trends of modern technologies in education is not just an important, but a necessary condition for development.